Dr. Amod Manocha - Pain Specialist In Delhi
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Pelvic Pain and Abdominal Treatment In Delhi

Pelvic Pain and Abdominal

March 25, 2018

Pelvic Pain

Pudendal Neuralgia/ Neuropathy (PN)

Pudendal nerve is one of the main nerves of the pelvis, with one nerve on each side. It runs from the lower back, along the pelvic floor to supply the genitals, lower part of rectum, and perineum (area between the sit bones). This nerve is closely involved with urinary and bowel functions.

Pudendal neuralgia is a condition related to irritation or damage of pudendal nerve, which presents as pain or altered sensation in the genital, rectal region or deep inside the pelvis. It is more common in women and is also addressed as cyclist syndrome, Alcockā€™s canal syndrome and pudendal nerve entrapment. Despite the significant advances in the evaluation and management of chronic pelvic pain, it often goes unrecognised. It can be associated with other conditions such as Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome, dysfunctional voiding, painful bladder syndrome, chronic prostatitis etc.


Pudendal Neuralgia - Patient Information Leaflet


Signs and symptoms of Pudendal Neuralgia

  • Burning, shooting, electric shock like, crushing, aching, prickling or itching sensation in the areas of pelvis supplied by the pudendal nerve.
  • Pain worse on sitting or exercising and resolves when lying flat (as during the night) or standing
  • Better when sitting on the toilet seat
  • Intermittent initially but can change to a constant pain with time It can radiate (travel) to buttocks (around ischial spines) and legs (inner thigh), feet

Other symptom which may be present include

  • Urge to go to the toilet often (urinary frequency) or a feeling of a bladder infection,
  • Pain on passing urine
  • Increased sensitivity in pelvic area
  • Numbness, pins and needles sensation in pelvis
  • Pain during sex or sexual arousal or orgasm/ ejaculation. It sometimes presents as persistent sexual arousal
  • Foreign body/fullness sensation in rectum, vagina or perineum (like a tennis ball)
  • Rectal pain with an urgent need to open the bowels

Causes of Pudendal Neuralgia (PN)

  • Compression or entrapment of pudendal nerve (cycling, prolonged sitting, pelvic floor muscle spasm, any growth pressing on the nerve)
  • Stretching of the nerve as during childbirth or surgery
  • Direct Injury to pudendal nerve as during pelvic trauma, falls on the buttock or even with severe constipation
  • Compression at the level of spinal cord or nerve roots
  • Biochemical injury from infections and diseases (diabetes, multiple sclerosis, viral infection- herpes zoster, HIV)

PN Management

Management of this condition requires active patient participation and use of a combination of lifestyle changes, medical interventions. Treatment includes

  • Lifestyle changes are aimed at reducing the irritation of the nerve. These include avoiding activities which increase pain such as cycling, prolonged sitting, constipation etc, using a special cushion while sitting.
  • Neuropathic pain killers- these can help in reducing the pain
  • Injections such as pudendal nerve block, pelvic flood muscle or tender point injections Often a series of injections are performed for maximal benefit.

  • Pudendal Nerve Block:

    The injection is performed for treatment of pelvic and genital pain. Resolution of pain a diagnostic nerve block, even if temporary, supports the diagnosis of pudendal neuralgia. These blocks also serve an important therapeutic role. As discussed previously the compression of nerve can occur anywhere along the path and hence sometimes a series of injections may be required. These blocks are performed as a day care procedure under local anaesthesia. Using image guidance (ultrasound, fluoroscopy or CT guidance) helps to improve safety and chances of success. If required your doctor may recommend pulsed radio frequency treatment of pudendal nerve for a more sustained response in future.

  • Pulsed radio-frequency treatment of the pudendal nerve, sacral nerve roots
  • Supervised Physiotherapy aimed at the pelvic floor muscles. This can help with muscle spasms, imbalances and in correcting other dysfunctions
  • Psychological support including cognitive behavior therapy, meditation, mindfulness, self management and relaxation exercises
 

Abdominal Pain

Abdominal Pain Treatment In Delhi

Anterior Cutaneous Nerve Entrapment Syndrome (Acnes)

Chronic abdominal pain is a common reason for seeking medical attention. Pain generators in abdominal pain are not always easy to identify and may be located inside the abdomen, in the abdominal wall or in the nearby organs with pain being referred to the abdomen. ACNES is a common cause of abdominal wall pain and it involves entrapment of small nerves which supply the skin of abdominal wall as they pass through the abdominal muscle (lateral part of rectus muscle). A study from a Dutch teaching hospital found approximately 2% of patients presenting to emergency department with acute abdominal pain suffered from ACNES.

ACNES presents as localized unilateral abdominal pain and patients can usually pinpoint painful areas close to the middle of abdomen. Pain may be provoked by position change or tensing of abdominal muscles and is generally independent of food intake, bowel habits. Trauma or previous surgery can also contribute to the entrapment of these small nerves. Abdominal wall pain is frequently unrecognized and this often leads to a magnitude of investigations, specialist consultations, prolonged suffering, overtreatment and inefficient utilization of resources.

Ultrasound guided injections are used to confirm the diagnosis of ACNES and provide pain relief. Ultrasound guidance can not only help in identifying local but also helps in improving the accuracy and safety of injections. Sometimes repeat injections are required to provide sustained pain relief. I have successfully identified and treated ACNES on numerous occasions- most often after local trauma or surgeries such as caesarean section, open/ laparoscopic abdominal surgeries etc.

Treatments

Dr. Amod Manocha - Pain specialist doctor in Delhi

Dr. Amod Manocha

FFPMRCA (UK), FRCA (UK), PG Cert. MSK US (UK), EDRA
Senior Consultant & Head - Pain Management Services
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